Elisha Scott, Sr.
African American attorney. 1890-1963
Elisha Scott, Sr, was born in Memphis Tennessee in 1890. His family later moved to Lane Street in west Topeka, in the community of Tennessee Town. As a youth he possessed a strong drive and a quick wit, which attracted the eye of the prominent minister Charles M. Sheldon. Scott was one of the students who attended the Tennessee Town kindergarten.
Sheldon helped Scott enroll at the Kansas Technical Institute, which was an all African American vocational school. With financial support from Sheldon and his own abilities to succeed, Elisha Scott went on to earn his law degree from Washburn College in 1916. He was the third African American to graduate from Washburn, and the only African American student in his class.
During his long career as an attorney, he argued many civil rights and school segregation cases throughout Kansas and the Midwest. Scott provided legal help for the victims of the Tulsa lynchings in 1921. He represented plaintiffs in the Kansas Supreme Court case Thurman-Watts v. The Board of Education of the City of Coffeyville in 1924. Scott represented families in Johnson County in the Kansas Supreme Court case Webb v. School District No. 90, which gained entrance for black students in a local elementary school. He gained a reputation in Kansas as taking the most impossible cases, and winning them.
Scott's two sons, John and Charles, joined him in his law firm of Scott, Scott, Scott, and Jackson. His sons would make history by helping to prosecute at the local level the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education.
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Entry: Scott, Elisha Sr.
Author: Kansas Historical Society
Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history.
Date Created: May 2009
Date Modified: January 2017
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