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Frederick Brown

Abolitionist Birth: December 21, 1830 Death: August 29, 1856

Frederick Brown was born on December 21, 1830 to John and Dianthe (Lusk) Brown in Richmond, Crawford County, Pennsylvania. 

The younger Brown, along with four of his brothers, arrived in Kansas Territory in spring 1855. They settled on small tracts of land, and naming it Brown Station, in Franklin County.  Their father and other family members joined them that fall.

In 1855 he was elected to become a delegate to the Topeka Constitutional Convention, which would take place in spring 1856. Brown had a disease, however, that kept him from participating in the convention.

He was present during the Pottawatomie Massacre in Franklin County, the brutal murder of five proslavery men, on May 24, 1856. Then at the Battle of Black Jack on June 2, 1856, Brown rode his horse between opposing forces and yelled that the proslavery men were surrounded. “The sword of the Lord Gideon!” he cried. The proslavery men fell for the trick, waved a white flag, and the fighting ceased.

Brown met with U.S. Senator James Lane, a free-state leader in Lawrence, on August 29, 1856. He later met with his uncle, the Reverend Samuel Adair back in Osawatomie that night. The following day Brown was shot by the Reverend Martin White, a proslavery supporter, the first victim in the Battle of Osawatomie in Miami County.  He is buried in Brown Cemetery in Miami County, Kansas.

Entry: Brown, Frederick

Author: Kansas Historical Society

Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history.

Date Created: June 2016

Date Modified: June 2016

The author of this article is solely responsible for its content.