Wichita County, Kansas
Wichita County was organized on December 24, 1886, by George Edwards; Edward Rhoades; Lilburn Moore; R. E. Jenness; S. W. MCall; and W. D. Brainard. Named for the Wichita Indians, the county contains the city Leoti.
In 1885 the county had only seven houses, but because of speculation in land by 1886-1887 settlement was rapid reaching a population large enough for county organization. A group of cattlemen did not wish to see the county organized, and two different messengers sent to Topeka with the census were never seen again. A personal envoy of the governor finally came for the census in 1886.
During an Indian attack in 1860, a hospital wagon was captured and a white woman passenger carried off. When the Indians camped on a little stream the woman, to avoid her fate, hanged herself from a tree along the creek. Ever after the Indians referred to the stream as White Woman Creek.
Wichita county has many interesting sites, including the Wichita County Courthouse, the W. B. Washington House and the Leoti Newspaper Building.
- See our Kansas Counties database for statistics in the county.
- Search our Register database for historic sites in the county.
- Search Kansas Memory for historic items from the county.
For more information see the Wichita County website.
Entry: Wichita County, Kansas
Author: Kansas Historical Society
Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history.
Date Created: February 2010
Date Modified: October 2015
The author of this article is solely responsible for its content.