The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency comprised of four divisions with these areas and departments:
- Administration: Provides administrative, fiscal, humans resources, facility maintenance and rental, marketing, and security
- Cultural Resources: Focuses on historic preservation, National Register and related programs such as tax credits, historic sites, and archeological resources
- Museum and Education: Addresses curriculum needs for K-12 classrooms related to Kansas history and government, managing collections of three-dimensional objects, and exhibits at the Kansas Museum of History
- State Archives: Provides preservation and public access to state records of the executive branch, land survey records, historic photographs, manuscripts, maps, newspapers, and digital media
Through 110 state statues, several federal acts, and five state rules and regulations the Kansas Historical Society collects, preserves, interprets, and makes the state's history accessible to Kansans.