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Documents Relating to the Menninger Training Hospitals

Creator: Menninger Foundation Archives. Menninger Training Hospitals

Date: 1904 - 1983

Level of Description: Sub-collection/group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: Unavailable

Unit ID: 225313

Abstract: The section of the Menninger Foundation corporate archives, Documents Relating to the Menninger Training Hospitals, consists of five series regarding Kansas hospitals that served as training centers for Menninger School of Psychiatry residents. This section of the Menninger Foundation archives reveals the activities at the various Menninger training hospitals, particularly at the Topeka State Hospital and the Winter Veterans Administration Hospital, and how psychiatry was practiced in the mid-1900s.

The first series includes documents created at or prepared for numerous Menninger training hospitals: Topeka State Hospital, Winter Veterans Administration Hospital, various Kansas institutions, and the Kansas Neurological Institute, including administrative items and informational and promotional publications. The second series includes daily bulletins and newsletters published for the Topeka State Hospital staff, dating from 1958 to 1983. The third series includes attendance records, timesheets, correspondence, course information and handouts, lecture outlines, memoranda, forms, and school documents relating to the Corrective Physical Rehabilitation schools located across the United States. The fourth series includes daily bulletins and newsletters made available for the Winter Veterans Administration Hospital staff, dating from 1958 to 1981. Also included in this series is a bound volume holding "The Sunflower" newsletter with issues dating from 1943 to 1944. The fifth series includes administrative documents (correspondence, newspaper articles, and reports) relating to the Winter Veterans Administration Hospital. Topics include various committees, procedural policies, the hospital's architecture, staff reductions and information, and the history of the hospital.

The section includes several items relating to the Topeka State Hospital and the Winter Veterans Administration Hospital, but very little on other training hospitals with which Menninger worked.

Space Required/Quantity: 0.00 cubic feet

Title (Main title): Documents Relating to the Menninger Training Hospitals

Part of: Menninger Foundation Archives. Corporate Records of the Menninger Foundation. Records of the Menninger Foundation Education Department.

Administrative History

Administrative History: The Education Department of the Menninger Foundation and the Menninger School of Psychiatry established relationships with hospitals for training residents in clinical practice in order that mental illness could be better understood and treated and for psychiatrists treating those illnesses to be efficiently equipped in their diagnoses.

Two major institutions to participate in these training hospital agreements after the end of World War II were the Winter Veterans Administration Hospital (WVAH) and the reformed Topeka State Hospital (TSH). Because of the war, psychiatrists were greatly needed to help soldiers recover from the emotional trauma they had faced for a significant amount of time.

Before the Winter Veterans Administration Hospital—-typically known as the Topeka VA Hospital—-was the Winter General Hospital, established in 1940 and owned by the United States Army. In 1945 the Veterans Administration obtained ownership of the buildings and grounds and approached the Menninger Foundation for a large staff of psychiatrists in order to meet the hospital's needs. At this point, the Foundation was looking for places to start training schools and willingly accepted the offer.

The Topeka State Hospital was established in 1872. Dr. Karl Menninger helped reform the hospital and the institution began its training programs in 1950. The hospital could hold 1,500 patients and consisted of two services: Adults and Children. The Adult Service consisted of four sections, three of which provided treatment for all types of psychiatric patients. The fourth service was an Outpatient Clinic. The Children Service treated young patients from ages 6 to 16 at the Kansas Treatment Center for Children. The center was divided into two sections by age: 6 to 12 and 12 to 16. The hospital was closed in 1997 and torn down in 2010.

Other training hospitals with which the Education Department and MSP worked included the Menninger Clinic and C.F. Menninger Memorial Hospital, Southard School, Kansas State Hospital program (a 5-year program with several state hospitals and training centers involved—Larned, Osawatomie, Parsons, and Winfield, as well as Kansas Girls Industrial School and Kansas Children’s Receiving Home), the VA Mental Hygiene Clinic, Shawnee Guidance Center, the Psychiatric Dept. of the Kansas University Health Center (University of Kansas), the Kansas Boys' Industrial School, Topeka Nursery Schools, Family Service and Guidance Center of Topeka, Inc., Forbes Air Force Base Hospital, and the Kansas Reception and Diagnostic Center operated through the Department of Corrections.

Portions of Collection Separately Described:


No Locators Identified


Index Terms


    Menninger Foundation. Dept. of Education
    Menninger School of Psychiatry
    Topeka State Hospital
    Veterans Administration Hospital (Topeka, Kan.)
    Newsletters -- Kansas -- Topeka
    Psychiatry -- Kansas -- Topeka
    Psychiatry -- Study and teaching -- Kansas
    Rehabilitation -- Psychological aspects
    Rehabilitation -- Study and teaching

Creators and Contributors

Agency Classification:

    Organizations/Corporations. Menninger Foundation Archives. Menninger Foundation Corporate Records. Education Department. Menninger Training Hospitals.