Jump to Navigation

Kansas Counties

Anderson County, Kansas

Date Established: August 25, 1855
Date Organized: January 07, 1856
Location: Kansas map showing location of Anderson County
Boundaries: Anderson County is twenty-four miles square. It is located in the second tier of counties west of Missouri, fifty miles south of the Kansas River and seventy miles north of Oklahoma.
County Seat: Garnett
Origin of Name: Named for Joseph C. Anderson, member of the territorial legislature and speaker pro tem of the House.
History: Prior to 1854, the territory that became Anderson County was part of the Kansas Reserve of the Pottawatomie Indians, who were removed from Indiana in 1837 by the U.S. government. Their principal village was just across the northern boundary in Franklin County, at the place known as Dutch Henry's Crossing on Pottawatomie Creek. The first Euro-American settlement in the county began early in May, 1854, on what later became the site of the town of Greeley.

The first town in the county was named Kansas City, and was located on Iantha Creek on the west half of section 27 and the east half of section 28, township 19 south, range 18 east. Dr. G.W. Cooper, from Louisville, Kentucky, laid out the town in May 1856; its name was soon changed to Iantha.

The town of Shannon, located in section 31, township 20, range 20 and named in honor of territorial governor Wilson Shannon, was named the county seat in 1856. The town was surveyed in 1857 by Dr. Preston Bowen, and construction of county buildings began, but in 1859 the county seat was removed to Garnett and the Shannon town site was soon abandoned.
Cities & Townships
PlacePopulation (2020 census)
Garnett (city)  3,242 
Indian Creek Township  114 
Jackson Township  488 
Lincoln Township  178 
Lone Elm Township  205 
Monroe Township  367 
North Rich Township  (Defunct)  
Ozark Township  550 
Putnam Township  268 
Reeder Township  431 
Rich Township  338 
Union Township  (Defunct)  
Walker Township  694 
Washington Township  311 
Welda Township  295 
Westphalia Township  355 
Total population: 7,836 

Township map of Anderson County, 2000
1860 (2,400)
1870 (5,220)
1880 (9,057)
1890 (14,203)
1900 (13,938)
1910 (13,829)
1920 (12,986)
1930 (13,355)
1940 (11,658)
1950 (10,267)
1960 (9,035)
1970 (8,501)
1980 (8,749)
1990 (7,803)
2000 (8,110)
2010 (8,102)
2020 (7,836)
Other Resources: Post offices in Anderson County
Cemeteries in Anderson County, As of 1906
Newspapers Available on Microfilm
Townships and Independent Cities in Anderson County
Kansas Memory
Links to Other Sites: Anderson County GenWeb
Early Kansas Maps [KanColl]
Look for other counties: